Radio26.Cu – Matanzas, Cuba


Martí deported a second time

Gloria Machado León 16 septiembre, 2014

The War of 10 years was over. Just a few small, isolated  departures stubbornly resisted with patriotic anger the Hispanic lunges. Cubans, as Martí would say once,  were not defeated, they had just let the sword down, hopeless mostly by fatigue and lack of resources that the wore down the patriotism  of a bourgeoisie no longer able to lead the quest.

Martí was in exile in Honduras with his wife, Carmen Zayas Bazán and access to travel to Cuba, under pressure from his family and his own wife and her unborn future Ismaelillo. From the port of Trujillo on the Atlantic coast on August 28th Sailing to Cuba in the New Barcelona steam and reach Havana on August 31st, 1878.

He knows, almost inadvertently break in October is part of the Cuban Revolutionary Committee in New York chaired by Major General Calixto Garcia Iniguez.

In mid-January 1879 he is working as an intern at the law Nicolas Azcarate and that is where he met Juan Gualberto Gómez, who had just returned from exile. Since then an extraordinary friendship was established. At the law Azcárate and then the Michael F. Viondi conspire both patriots.

Under the pseudonym of Anahuac participates in meetings of the conspirators, and search spaces for conspiracy. On April 27, at the Liceo de Guanabacoa delivers a patriotic speech on the Captain General himself being present. One of the companions calls him crazy; but the most representative Spanish corrects saying that is crazy, but crazy dangerous. It is possible that in June 1879 to assume the duties of vice chief of the Revolutionary Committee prosecuting the path of armed struggle to the conspirators.

In mid-August 1878 war called Chiquita starts, its short duration. Marti is in the sight of the Colonial Government.

On September 17, he is having lunch at his home in Friendship 42 between Neptuno and Concordia, with the Juan Gualberto Gómez invited. He had been betrayed by a confidant and was incommunicado start. Through the efforts of his boss and friend, lawyer Viondi was withdrawn isolation and imprisonment he went to see dozens of habaneros.

The September 25, 1879 he left for exile in Spain aboard the steamship Alfonso XII and a small crowd he was to dismiss the habanero dock. Years later said, «Havana filled the jail with the Cuban farsighted …». On October 11th Martí came to Santander, where he was confined to the provincial jail.

Began his second exile, which would end in 1895, when he kissed the beloved land of Cajobabo Beach, together with Máximo Gómez and a small group of climbers, and began his path to the holocaust of Dos Rios.


Original text by Dr Arnaldo Jimenez de la Cal on September 16th, 2014

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