Radio26.Cu – Matanzas, Cuba


Triumvirato: more than a sugar mill

Gloria Machado León 23 octubre, 2014

The restoration of the old Triumvirato sugar mill,   site where the great slave rebellions began in the 40s of the XIX century, is among the most immediate projects being developed in Matanzas province.

Leonel Pérez Orozco, President of the Municipal Commission of Monuments, specify the actions that are taking place there.

“It is an effort of the country to rehabilitate the Museum of the  Slave Route and also to regain the national excellence of the Triumvirate Museum, where is located the monument to the Rebel Slave. To develop actions that varied in place.

“It was rebuilt, with an excellent finish, overseer‘s house, where some of the exhibited museum objects; and restoration of the dwelling house is undertaken, a large house that represents an example of colonial architecture country western Cuba.

Besides the government requested the intervention of archeology to extract manufacturing or industrial structures of the Triumvirato Alfonso sugar mill, from the area where they are buried.”

The documentary scene investigation by specialists yielded important information about the structures found in the area, its history and development and serve, also, to route the archaeological site search.

“We have known many things after studying Chapter Acts, the historical and the excellent studies of the area developed by the primary investigators of the place.

“We needed national permits for actions to be performed were requested, the surface area was cleaned and held the planimetric survey of the place, with gridding leading area for the plane is as accurate as possible.”

Archaeological excavations have allowed, among others, the discovery of the manufacturing structures of the former sugar industry, including a Jamaican train.

This is not a passenger train, as many people think, but a kind of tunnel fire with several derivations of pots to their sides, in which the heat is distributed.

Here the juice is deposited and the liquid and the solid crystalline sugar moves. Jamaicans These trains were in use during the nineteenth century and early twentieth almost all sugar mills.

“It was considered the most logical way to transport the product because the Spanish train spent more wood, as it was a single cauldron fed a heat source, while the Jamaican fed several cauldrons and was much cheaper, but not more efficient .

“The purpose is to put it in terms of the rest of the manufacturing structures of wit.

In the country, despite all the mills worked with this type of sugar technology currently there are only few examples of Jamaican trains.

The only train exhibited in a museum and can be visited in Cuba is Trinidad, excavated by the national cabinet colleagues and archeology is a wonder I have put on display.

“In the country, the cabinet also means train archeology dug in the area of Havana, but is not associated with any protected area or museum.

“So the only thing left again linked to an institution of this type would be our Triumvirate. This gives a value and an enhancement to the discovery and the archaeological work done in the area.

As the excavation is developed, specialists advance to other industrial areas of the mill as the mill, evaporators and cooling bed to detail the characteristics of sugar production in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.

The cemetery of the site will also be a priority for archaeologists. Subsequently, the research team will extend to the cemetery, where we focus on two excavations. The first will be inside the cemetery, where the graves, especially the family, and the other on the outside, where we assume the graves of slaves belonging to the envelope are found are.

“The aim of this part of the work will provide the necessary elements to exhibit as part of the museum a slave burial and, in this case, the family.”

But this effort will not stop the actions in the old Triumvirato sugar mill.

  The third part of the work, which will run until 2015, will be devoted to the mansion house, a very large building with very interesting structures, including the tank.

“We’ve heard an urban legend associated with the place that there is an underground room with elements still buried underground. From search know how this story is true.

What is real is a structural indication on the wall of the third bedroom looks like the tunnel entrance to the place. We’ll see what it is.

Pérez Orozco also referred to the historical importance acquired by the archaeological research and restoration of the buildings to be erected in Triumvirate.

“The importance of wit may not be very crucial in terms of sugar technology, compared to other country’s that were huge industries since the nineteenth century.

However, this highlights because it was central and promoter of the major slave rebellions occurred in the country, with black Carlota as the main protagonist .”

With the intervention of the Triumvirato sugar mill a place of unquestionable historical and heritage value, which is a symbol of the rebellion of the slaves, who longed for their freedom will be redeemed.


Original text by Jessica Mesa Duarte on October 23rd, 2014

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