Radio26.Cu – Matanzas, Cuba


From Matanzas to Moncada

Gloria Machado León 26 julio, 2016

The feeling of rebellion that distinguishes those born in Matanzas is highlighted in countless events in the history of Cuba. The presence of people from Matanzas in the epic of July 26th, 1953 is an example.

On that morning of Santa Ana in the Centennial Generation faced the army of dictator Fulgencio Batista on the Moncada barracks in Santiago de Cuba and Carlos Manuel de Cespedes, Bayamo, eleven were matanceros participants.

Next to Mario Muñoz Monroy doctor, the municipality of Colon, were his countrymen Gerardo Alvarez Alvarez, Hector de Armas Erasti (survivor), Mario Martinez Arara and his brother Raul, who later betrayed his comrades.

It is also part of that list of young people that the commitment to the country led them to the walls of the Moncada, the jagüeyense Julio Reyes Cairo, the Horace and José Wilfredo Matheu Olivera, and Felix Perdomo Vasallo brothers, all of Pedro Betancourt, as well yumurino Israel as Tápanes Vento (survivor).

Complete group Calixto Garcia Martinez, who after saving the life followed the leaders of the movement and became Granma expeditionary and combatant of the Rebel Army in the Sierra Maestra.

The triumph of the Calixto Garcia Revolution held important positions and responsibilities within the Revolutionary Armed Forces (FAR), among which include the head of the Central and Eastern armies.

About the reasons why these young matanceros joined the actions carried out by the Centennial Generation in eastern Cuba Matanzas Clara Enma Chavez Alvarez, master’s degree in social studies, noted:

«The whole thing is that Fidel, in the classrooms of the university and also for the work within Orthodoxy (Vanguard Party), had done much work had been linked in this way with some matanceros.»

At that time Havana was a strong appeal for young people seeking work matanceros. Therefore, he says Clara Enma was possible exchange with Fidel in Havana itself.

«In many cases they are boys from rural towns of Matanzas, but contacted the organization that were working as construction workers, remember that was the time when the big hotels were built in Havana.

«That is, in Matanzas that geographic-economic effect that makes many aspects of history are closely linked Matanzas to Havana as habaneros us occurs. There’s the case of Goicuría, where the bulk of the assailants were habaneros, that is, it is a historical reality. «

Also known visits to Matanzas Fidel repeated to form the select group of assailants.

«He also visited Julio Reyes Cairo, although it was Jaguey Grande, lived in Colon, along with Jaime Lopez, in the area of Pedro Betancourt, ie that Fidel was in this province evaluating the possibilities that were offered to support the motion and so things are eleven who remain. »

And within those eleven, Dr. Mario Muñoz Monroy, columbian that hence the Medicine also liked aviation. Therefore, recalls Clara Enma was the old airport Pepe Barrientos, next to the Caves of Bellamar, the place chosen for the interview  that Fidel had with Muñoz Monroy in the early 1953.

«What they could speak Fidel and Mario Muñoz in a place so remote. But the site was ideal because it was normal for aviation enthusiasts were in place and another visitor was not going to attract much attention. «

And so their names are inscribed forever in the pages of the book of honor of those who risk to life for a just cause.



Original text by on July 26th, 2016

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