Cuba is one of the countries in the world that respects the rights of children. They are directed at various programs that are known in the mass media or are materialized through community projects, so within the world context our reality exhibits a different face, with high hopes that shift the inequalities between a Gender and other. In this way we will maintain the position that the Greater Antilles has achieved at the international level to protect the rights of girls and women, and of course that all the structures of the country are involved in their good practices.
From the triumph of the Revolution women and girls benefit from their achievements. Since then, as part of the struggle for social justice, the battle for the full exercise of equality of rights and opportunities in all areas and at all levels of national life has begun.
If we are going to talk about women’s empowerment and demands, the following achievements must be mentioned: life expectancy at birth is already over 80; The maternal mortality rate is the lowest in the world; Females represent 48 per cent of those employed in the civil sector and 46 per cent of senior management. In addition, 78.5 percent of the health staff, 48 of the scientific researchers, 68 of the most qualified and professional force, 62.2 of the graduates in Higher Education and 48 of the parliament.
We are the first country in the world to eliminate mother-to-child transmission of HIV / AIDS.
Let’s do some history then …
For a long time there were no internationally recognized legal bases for proclaiming the rights of girls and women. As a background, it can be said that the Napoleonic Code stipulated that persons who lack legal rights were the minors, married women and the mentally retarded.
As a result of the various manifestations of disagreement, this is no longer the case, as we now have the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW), from which the principles expressed in the Charter of Human Rights Which influence the Universal Declaration of Human Rights.
The Convention is a milestone in human rights and addresses them in an integrative way, in all spheres of life and their cycle: from childhood to adulthood.
Its articles reflect a unique vision based on international human rights law in which the rights of girls and women are inseparable. The obvious is recognized (girls’ rights are the rights of tomorrow’s women).
This treaty is the fruit of the persistent struggles and pressures that have been expressed by women’s movements to eliminate gender discrimination and respect for their rights in conditions of justice and equity and, of course, more than 30 years of women’s work. United Nations, especially the United Nations Commission on the Status of Women. This commission was created in 1946 to follow up the situation of women and promote their rights.
Returning to Cuba we are going to refer to a community project that materializes in the primary school Followers of Camilo and Che, in Armando Mestre, in the municipality and province of Matanzas.
The purpose of this proposal is to deepen knowledge on what is reflected in the Convention on the Rights of Children. To know details about the same we listen to the teacher Clara Maria Martinez Matienzo, who works in the university branch Medardo Vitier Guanche, in the city of Matanzas.
Original text byon Nov 6th, 2016