A total of 16 schools of primary education in the country apply, from this school year, the process of educational improvement, aimed at modernizing and developing the National System of Education.
The Francisco Vega Alemán school, located in the Playa Popular Council, in the yumurina city, was selected in the territory for the implementation of the changes.
Eledis Abreu Domeche, director of the academic institution, referred to some of the new developments:
“In the first grade, the initial unit is readjusted, aimed primarily at articulating and systematizing the knowledge learned in Early Childhood. This favors the preparation of the students, as there is no closing stage, so we know better their strengths and weaknesses and we can work accordingly.
“Also the organization of the cycles or moments of development is modified: the inaugural ranges from preschool to second grade, the next third and fourth and the last fifth and sixth grades, when previously there was only a change of cycle from fourth.
“This process attaches great importance to the insertion of the school in its environment, to the links with the organizations, with the family, so that the support of the community is vital. In this sense, the school develops photography courses; mounting; drawing and cutting and sewing; circles of interest dedicated to pedagogical vocational training, preferably, given the lack of teachers that presents the territory, and gastronomy. We also have the Arena socio-cultural project, related to the cleanliness of the beaches, and Knowing our history, taught by members of the Association of Cuban Revolutionary Combatants who attend the center. “
The reduction of books and the frequency of the subject Spanish Language in first grade is one of the main transformations. This subject will have only one textbook, previously there were three, and a workbook that includes calligraphy.
“So far we have not had difficulties in the application of these modifications, we have the constant advice of methodologists of the Provincial Directorate of Education for the preparation of our teaching staff. However, the main concerns are found in the Mathematics subject and, in the case of the fourth grade, in the subject The world we live in, which now includes content that was imparted almost at the end of the educational level.
In the appreciation of the arts also modifications are introduced. Enrique Lester Sánchez Tápanes, instructor of plastic arts, explained:
“Matter is taught through workshops and games. In a very elementary way we work on the identification of colors and their attributes, areas and textures. In the fourth grade the appreciation of representative works is properly initiated. We used paintings by Amelia Pelaez to analyze lines, rhythm, volume. With the refinement, the content becomes more complex, the workbooks and complementary materials are introduced as drawing notebooks. In the other manifestations – music, dance and theater – something similar happens. I believe that the students will be more creative and they will be able to express themselves better in that sense, since from early ages they will be in relation with the art. “
As a good educator, endorsed by more than 30 years of work, Norma Aymé Samá sensed the need for transformations in the form and content of the classes that she gave to her fourth grade children.
“It was time for changes, life evolves and education must go hand in hand with life. Informatics, one of the subjects in which the most progress has been made in recent years, is updated from the name: Mi mundo digital. In the world we live in, we now emphasize the knowledge of the national territory, the region and the community in the historical, economic and geographical spheres. I think the most important thing about this third improvement is the possibility for learners to research, to expand their knowledge from other less traditional scenarios and that, in my experience, they can be more effective. “
According to the established, artistic and sports education will be prioritized, as well as vocational and technological training. Complementary programs will be directed at talented students, those who are struggling to learn and study foreign languages, mainly English.
These educators are well aware that the task of experimenting is almost always arduous, but they also assure that it is worth the effort if it achieves the progress of Cuban education.
Original text byOct 25th, 2017