On November 5th , 1843, the Triunvirato plantation began, in the current municipality of Limonar, one of the most important uprisings of the 19th century in Cuba, due to the number of people involved, level of organization and tactical concept, with the lucumí Carlota in front.
The slaves sought mobility, rapid displacement and tried to extend to the maximum the land where they would fight, explained Damarys González Benítez, researcher of the Museum dedicated to the Slave Rebel that is currently located in the premises of the former sugar mill Triunvirato.
Alfonso Soler family, one of the most powerful of the Island of Cuba in the decade of 1830, came to possess 10 titles mobiliarios and many ingenios in the territory of Matanzas, among which the Triumvirate highlighted by the great uprising of slaves that occurred there 175 years ago, Damarys argued.
Carlota, slave of Lucumí origin, summoned all the subjugated in Triunvirato and extended the revolt by the sugar mills Ácana, Concepción, San Miguel, San Lorenzo and arrived at San Rafael, where they were finally surrounded by colonial troops who in unequal and bitter combat massacred to the majority of the rebels, including the leader, added González Benítez.
“For her audacity, rebelliousness and military talent, Carlota’s name was chosen 132 years after the events in Triunvirato to name the internationalist mission rendered by the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Cuba to the sister Republic of Angola.”
In the estates of the former triumvirate mill, declared a National Monument on October 10, 1978, with degree of protection I, and industrial typology, there are remarkable landscape, historical, architectural and archaeological values; The site is part of the Slave Route project, sponsored by the Organization for Education, Science and Culture of the United Nations (UNESCO), said the researcher.
“The house of residence that belonged to the Alfonso Soler family, colonial construction with neoclassical influence that is characterized by very high ceilings that imitate small palaces, exhibits objects related to the repression of the slave regime, and the lifestyle of the Cuban sacrocracy of the nineteenth century.
“In the old house of the mayoral, there is what is related to Operation Carlota, the internationalist aid mission that Cuba provided, with which the independence of Angola and Namibia was achieved, and the eradication of the apartheid regime in South Africa.
This property also has a room dedicated to the Operation Tribute that pays tribute to the fallen during the epic of Angola.
” The idea of Commander Fidel Castro was to erect a monument to the memory of the heroic slaves who were precursors of the social revolutions and there, where the drums called 175 years ago to the uprising, is the sculptural complex work of Enrique Moret, art in stone that perpetuates the implicit rebellion in the history of Triunvirato, and of the Cuban identity.