They say that the execution of medical students on November 27th , 1871 was one of the bloodiest crimes of Spanish colonialism. Both for its injustice and for the ostentation of power under bloodthirsty terms, whose motivational fund was to counteract the irrepressible advance of the insurrection on the island, after the declaration of the war of 68.
The Volunteer Corps maintained a tight control in the capital, but every attempt was unsuccessful. The craving for freedom of the Creoles predominated over the repressive breath of the Spanish governor.
Those eight students were innocent; they were killed by the false accusation of grating the grave of a famous co-religionist of the oppressive regime. In review the historian Pedro Hernández Soto indicated that 31 students were imprisoned for more than two years, related to the case, until in 1873 the youngest son of Gonzalo Castañón, Fernando Castañón,he was 26 years old, came to Havana and examined the tomb his father’s.
Then, he affirmed that the tomb had not been damaged. It was the biggest and clearest confirmation of the innocence of all the condemned.
It took a lot of paperwork from family and friends for Amadeo I, the King of Spain, to enact the pardon of the imprisoned students.
Of the purest written on the repercussion of the opprobrious crime we evoke the words of the Apostle, when on the eve of the commemoration, on November 26th, 1891, at the Cuban Liceo de Tampa, delivered his speech Los Pinos Nuevos, in which he expressed: “… death gives bosses, death gives lessons and examples, death takes our finger over the book of life: thus, of those invisible continuous links, the soul of the fatherland is woven! Let us sing today, before the unforgettable tomb, the hymn of life “.Honor and eternal remembrance to the martyrs of November 27th.