The presence in the geography of Matanzas of two ecosystems as significant as the Ciénaga de Majaguillar, to the north and Zapata, to the south; the low or very low coasts, besides that all the water that is destined for the economic and social activity coming from subterranean aquifers, together with the highly productive lands that belong to the fringe known as the South Plain Havana-Matanzas, give rise to the province is highly vulnerable to the effects of climate change.
When adding to these particularities the coexistence of the biggest tourist pole of sun and beach, with the main oil field of Cuba, the national interest of applying the actions of the State Plan, Life Task in the territories of Matanzas, Cárdenas, Varadero, Calimete, Ciénaga de Zapata and the area of the national highway.
And it is that explained by the doctor of sciences, Ángel Alberto Alfonso Martínez, director of the Environmental Unit of the CITMA in Matanzas, in those areas the three strategic objectives of Life Task (the physical protection of the population, food security) are applied and the development of tourism).
“The program of activities to be developed to achieve these ends in Matanzas territory is in line with the planning, the established priorities are followed promptly.”
Of those priorities Alfonso Martínez related.
“First, all the sandy beaches that are in the northern area of the Havana-Varadero tourist corridor, say El Tenis, Buey Vaca, El Mamey, Faro de Mayo, those located in the Boca de Camarioca area; They already have their rehabilitation projects.
“Varadero, in particular has a program 2019-2020, recovery of the beach and the dune with the demolition of a group of facilities that are on the sand and assess areas of the south that can be used to move buildings vulnerable to flooding with the elevation of sea level. It also aims to act with the islets where it is planned to move part of the development that Kawama shows today and work on protection works on that southern coast. ”
On the protection of the Cárdenas, Santa Marta and Boca de Camarioca settlements, due to their vulnerability to sea level rise and floods due to heavy rains and winds, Ángel highlighted the design and application of an urban program for the relocation of households.
“Work is being carried out on the relocation or relocation of houses that are located in low-lying areas. The municipal government of Cárdenas proposed the realization of a protective work for the houses that are on the eastern margin of the Boca River, homes that were very affected by Hurricane Irma.
Equally intense is the company that takes place in the south of the province.
“The whole issue of the comprehensive protection of rice development has been identified with the use of new technologies to identify the levels and periods of drought, to evaluate the saline intrusion in those lands and the issues related to the section of the national highway passing through Matanzas, because when heavy rains occur there is an interruption of circulation due to floods.
“Hydraulic Resources has worked intensively in that area to reduce that vulnerability. To this, the improvement of the Zoplillar Canal is added to the Ciénaga de Zapata, the improvements executed in the Hanábana river basin, dams, micro-dams, which will result in the reduction or elimination of floods. ”
But to that national interest the Matanzas specialists of the CITMA proposed to add all the territory of the province.
“The knowledge and experiences that we have treasured in environmental matters allows us to express that the physical security of people and food security, is given throughout the province, so Tarea Vida came to extend throughout our geography and with its implementation work in adapting to climate change.”