At 130 kilometers from Havana, the capital of Cuba, the Hicacos Peninsula emerges from the Atlantic. The name Varadero is immediately related to the blue beaches, the sea breeze and the warm climate that characterize it. Its popularity as a tourist destination of sun and beach represents the main cause that the population overlooks the interesting facts of its history.
The archaeological findings in the caves of the area show that the first discoverers of the spa were the aborigines. The Ambrosio cave presents the largest pictographic complex in the Caribbean and in the Muslims lands were found indigenous remains.
During the explorations of the new world, the Spaniard Sebastián de Ocampo became the official discoverer of Varadero. His fleet made use of the salt pans and forests for resupply. The caverns served as lairs for cimarrones and pirates. It owes its name to the fact that the latter took advantage of the advantage that the area offered for the stranded boats.
Its beauty attracted the gaze of the inhabitants of the city of Cárdenas. After several battles against the plagues and the climate, they founded a settlement on December 15th, 1887. From then on the area experienced a constant development. The hotel La Torre was erected as the first in the spa. It is the forerunner of tourism in the area. Next come the Xanadú mansion and Josone Park, named after its owners, José and Onelia.
These aspects of the history of Varadero place the Hicacos peninsula as a worthy area of attention. The care of its 22 kilometers of beach constitutes a primary objective for the Cuban State, because beyond representing an attractive tourist destination it has a rich cultural and historical legacy.