In June 2012, at the Summit of the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, held in the Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro, Army General Raúl Castro Ruz said that Cuba had begun taking measures to face the serious consequences that would bring, especially for the coasts of the archipelago, the current trends of climate change.
This was what was announced on April 25th, 2017, the Council of Ministers approved as Task Life.
This State Plan includes the design and execution of progressive investments in the short, medium, long and very long terms until the year 2100 to reduce vulnerabilities in areas prone to flooding due to sea level rise and salinization of fertile lands and drinking water by penetration of the salt wedge.
With this, the physical and food security of the population, as well as the development of tourism in coastal areas, were established as priorities.
And it is that in Cuba the beaches or bathing areas constitute a fundamental element in the recreational activity of the summer, but the erosion processes that they experience with setbacks in the coastline already average 1.2 meters per year.
As this degradation causes the loss of useful surfaces for distraction and a corresponding negative impact on tourist activities, in Matanzas province where the largest tourist pole of sun and beach in the country, Task Life, is located, favors programs such as the rehabilitation of beaches sandy
In Varadero, the dumping of sand, the conformation of the profile of the dunes and the demolition of facilities located on the coastline has allowed the rescue of more than two kilometers of coastline.
To these actions are added the construction of walkways to access the sea, the control of invasive alien species such as the casuarina that leads to the loss of sand and the reforestation of the dune with native plants such as the grape and the sweet potato coast.
It also works in the gardening of tourist facilities to replace the non-native plants of these ecosystems with the high levels of water needed for irrigation.
All these programs allow increasing the resilience of the beach, reducing the vulnerability of infrastructure to extreme events and improving the tourist use of the beach.