On September 4th, 1958, Mariana Grajales Female Squad was created in the Sierra Maestra by our Commander in Chief Fidel Castro Ruz.
The colonel of the reserve in Matanzas, Raúl Escalona Rosabal, integrated Column One of Fidel and lived closely the performance of the females “the first who swelled the ranks were Celia Sánchez Manduley, Vilma Espín Guillois, Brigadier General Delsa Puebla Viltres , among other».
Escalona also referred to the personal training that Fidel provided to the platoon, especially the teaching of the handling of the different weapons and in that way they participated with the troops in the fighting, Pío del Agua, Cerro Pelado, Palma Mocha and carried out other missions such as the one of links with the provinces of the country about the preparations for the assaults on the Moncada and Carlos Manuel del Céspedes Garrisons. It is worth emphasizing that these companions fulfilled risky tasks entrusted by Commander Fidel, firmly supporting the rigors of the guerrillas.
The colonel of the Revolutionary Armed Forces reserve, with excited words meant.
«At that time, several officers opposed the platoon of women operating in dangerous places, but the example given by these revolutionary companions, with the greatest desire to liberate Cuba, left them all perplexed.»
Fidel in the speech delivered on January 1st, 1959 in Santiago de Cuba, said: “It has been shown that not only do men fight, but women also fight in Cuba, and women have shown that they are excellent soldiers, like our best soldiers men, and the test is the casualties that caused the enemy in the fighting and the desire to free the homeland from the yoke that oppressed it until victory was achieved, and repeated the Leader of the Revolution, Long live the Women Squad Mariana Grajales.