Radio26.Cu – Matanzas, Cuba

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Dr. Francisco Duran, head of Epidemiology at the Ministry of Public Health. COVID-19 Media Update

Tamara Caridad Mesa González 20 abril, 2020

 Minuto 00

 

Good morning to you all, and all those from the media who follow us every day.

 

As it is usual every day at this time, we are going to give an update on the situation both international and at home, and also we will answer some questions we have received

As of 12 midnight last night, a total of 182 countries were reporting COVID19 cases.  2,281,714 cases had been confirmed, that is over 84 121 cases diagnosed in a single day. 159 511 people have died, that is 6,421 more people died, for a worldwide lethality of 6, 99%.

In the region of the Americas, 867056 cases were confirmed, 40,774 more than Saturday  and this represents 38 % of the total number of cases in the world

With 45 218 fatalities, 2 466 more in a single day, for lethality of 5,21%.

 

7,051 Cubans who reside abroad are still on the island, and 5094 foreigners for a total of 12 145 visitors.   In rental houses, it is a similar data than the one reported yesterday, there are 946 foreigners in Santiago de Cuba and the municipalities of Plaza, Playa, Centro Habana in Havana with the highest number of foreigners.

A total of 3,232 patients have been admitted to the hospitals of our country.  40 are under surveillance,2430 are suspected cases and 764 are confirmed cases.  We are keeping 7,059 people in primary care surveillance.

For the detection of the SARS-COV-2 virus, on Sunday 1616 samples were studied.  As a result of the study 52 tested positive for COVID-19, for a 3,2 % of the samples., for a percent similar to those reported on previous days.

Similar a dias anteriores  3:19

 

3:52 De esta forma ya se acumulan en nuestro pais un total

Our country accumulates now a total of 28,598 people studied and 1087 have tested positive for 3.8% of the samples processed.

Of the 52 new cases that were confirmed on Saturday,51 are Cubans, one is a Bolivian national. Of these, 35 were contacts of confirmed and in 16 cases, the source of infection could not be established and as prescribed we are looking for the source of those infections. One of those had  a contact with a traveler who came from abroad.

Of the 52 persons who tested positive, 25 were female, that is 48,1 % and 51,9% were male, a figure similar to previous days.

32.6%, that is 17 of the positive cases were asymptomatic, as we always say, this shows how important it is to keep social distancing and to act responsibly that all Cubans have to exercise to avoid the contagion with a virus that is very easy to spread, and much easier to get infected with than with others, and that the only way to remain free of it is through protection., solo protegiendose podemos evitar adquirir el mismo. 5:42

 

Minuto 6:09 Por provincias, las mas representativas son La Habana

Regarding the infection rate by provinces, the provinces with the most cases are Havana with 30 cases, that is the 576 % of the cases reported yesterday, and Matanzas with 10 cases for a 12,9%   Minuto 6:22

Minuto 7:44  De los 52 casos, los grupos de edades afectados son

 

Of the 52 cases, the age group with the most is the one from 40 to 60 years with 28 cases, the 53,2%, followed by the group of younger than 40 years with 19 cases, that is the 36.5% and there are 5 patients with over 60 years

 

Of 1087 patients diagnosed with COVID19, 744 show a stable clinical evolution.  36 people have died; we have to report today about two deaths. Two evacuees, and 285 cumulative release from hospitals. On Sunday 30 people were discharged.

And I would like to add that the 26,2 % of the patients who have been confirmed in our country has recovered.

 

We are reporting 9 patients in critical condition and eleven  in serious condition  y graves 11  Minuto 9:06 

 

11:02 Lamentablemente como dije al inicio

As I said earlier, we have to report the passing of two people diagnosed with COVID19.  O

 

One is a 72-year-old female Cuban patient.  She lived in the Guanabacoa municipality in Havana.  She was a contact of a person who had tested positive. As preexisting conditions, she had high blood pressure, diabetes mellitus, Alzheimer’s disease. She had been admitted to the Salvador Allende Hospital since last April 4, she was transferred to the intensive care unit, where despite all efforts to save her life by our professionals she died on Sunday due to a cardiorespiratory arrest.

The other patient who passed away yesterday is a Cuban national, a 77-year-old male patient from Santiago de Cuba province, from Contramaestre municipality, his existing precondition were high blood pressure, obstructive chronic lung disease. At the time of his passing, he had been admitted at the Dr. Joaquin Castillo Duany military Hospital of Santiago de Cuba, he was taken to the intensive care unit, where he received all the possible treatments, and unfortunately, he passed away Sunday afternoon due to a cardiorespiratory arrest.

 

So this is the general Ee  pidemiological situation in the world and in our country.  As you may see, new restriction measures have been established, and urging people to cooperate, but unfortunately, we still see too many people in the streets.

 

Before taking questions I would like to say something about the national vaccination timetable, as established by the National Vaccination Program, applicable in this country practically from the very moment a person is born, and as the person grows up, primarily during the early ages, those vaccines are applied

 

The existence of COVID 19 in the world and in our country, in no way modifies this timetable, so we reiterate that the timetable is applicable and in effect as established. Here in Cuba people are well informed about this, and mothers are very aware of the vaccination cycles of their children, and I repeat, vaccinations are not suspended. Moreover, the Pan-American and World Health Organization are urging countries to implement their vaccination programs, as a tool of protection from a number of diseases, which most of them have been eliminated in Cuba.

The National Anti-Polio Vaccination drive was scheduled for late April and early May. This one, in particular, is going to be postponed, and the anti-flu vaccine that should start in May or in early June, its implementation will depend on the progress of the COVID19 epidemic on the island. Both vaccination drives would be postponed, but not canceled. The rest of the vaccines will proceed as scheduled   Minuto 16:16

Questions

 

Granma Daily

Cuba has sent medical aid to the world in response to the spread of COVID-19. In addition to that of the Chinese government, has the island received help from other nations or institutions?

 

Minuto  16:44 Si, nosotros hemos recibido de diversos países y a través de

 

We have received aid from various countries and through international organizations in Cuba and abroad.  Thus we have received resources from the Pan-American World Health Organization, UNICEF, UNDP, the Global Fund, universities, and institutions in Marseille, France.

 

I am referring to the resources that are most needed at this time: means of protection, diagnostic kits, apart from what we have received from China, which has been an important part.

 

There is a lot of solidarity from the countries, from the international organizations, a lot of solidarity about what we would need, and unfortunately many times this cannot materialize as we would like because of the iron blockade that The American government has against our country.

 

These affect us and sometimes, having the resources from the side of there, as it is usually said, it is difficult for them to arrive, but even so, we continue to receive resources of this type.

 

 

Cubavision International

 

The new patients of COVID in Cuba, how are they getting it? in their families, in their communities, in their workplaces. What is the trend? Are they people who have not complied with the targeted measures?

 

Actually, new infections, as we report every day, there is a number whose source of infection cannot be established, unlike in the beginning, when it was easier to determine if it was through contact with a foreigner who arrived, or had contact with a confirmed case.

 

There are times when starting from a confirmed contact or with a foreigner who has been in Cuba, one person is related to another and they have visited each other, and have had relations and so on.

Undoubtedly we should not blame anyone or say categorically that they have violated the protection measures, but really if they had complied with what is established, they would not have been infected.

Many times we have relationships, and we do not know that the person has the disease or respiratory symptoms and as we definitely have contact with that person, we acquire the disease

In conclusion, protect yourself even if you see that the person is healthy, has no symptoms of the disease, to avoid these chains, which I reiterate, are deepened, especially to detect those who are positive, isolate them, treat them and know who else has had contact with these people.

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