On April 10, 1892, José Martí proclaimed the Cuban Revolutionary Party, the leading organization of the war of 1895. What differentiated this organization from the rest of the world? What convergences exist between that of more than 120 years ago and the one that we defend now?
Studies on Martí’s thinking were developed by university professors, Dr. Arnaldo Zaldívar Leyva, the master’s degree Ciro Labrada Silva and the graduate Etna Noriega Rodríguez, based on an investigative work entitled: The Martian conception of the Revolutionary Political Party.
It is proposed that the Marti trial starts from its composition within the Cuban people, which results in their active participation in the life of the party and in the policy outlined by it, which takes into account the interests and aspirations of the different classes and groups. ethno-racial social. That is why he stated: “political parties are nothing if they do not represent social conditions.”
The research emphasizes that the Master conceived a party free of all kinds of personal ambition, with an extensive popular base, governed by a broad democracy, consultative in my opinion, with a narrow unity of interests between the party and the masses. In his texts, Martí indicates:
“And when a political party free of any personal interest is amassed to turn the task of founding the elements that try, inept, into dissimulation and disorder; to raise the homeland square and level due to the crooked walls, to lay the foundation of centuries for the independent homeland, it is not really a party that is amassed, but a people ”.
In the research, the professors specify that “in the face of the annexationist tendency existing in part of the Cuban landowning oligarchy and the expansionist ambition of the United States, Martí also conceives the idea of the revolutionary political party that would organize a rapid, just and democratic war, culminating in the founding of an advanced bourgeois-democratic republic that would prevent the expansion of the United States over Cuba and the other Antilles. “
We move in waters in which different currents try to raise archaic anti-independence conceptions in suspense, of brutal derision to national values, with the support of whom Martí considered the greatest enemy. Hence the importance of maintaining impregnable bases in the ranks of the current Communist Party of Cuba, under the legacy of our Commander-in-Chief, so well known in Marti and in his principles.
The vision of the Apostle, in full force, extends in its clarity to propose details of commitment and behavior in the formation of the militancy, when he says to the members of the Cuban Revolutionary Party: “our forces will be treated in such a way that they leave promoting in them, at the same time, the strict discipline and the decorum of men, which is what gives strength and reason to the soldier of Liberty to fight; no opportunity will be lost to explain to you in harangues and conversations, the fraternal spirit of the war, the benefits that the Cuban will obtain with independence, and the inability of Spain to improve the condition of Cuba and to defeat us
. ” And as the investigative study of this Marti platform requires, “with this Circular, Martí begins the process of political work, as it would be said today, aimed at strengthening the ideals of the Mambi forces and preparing the Republic, as he pursued the objective of preparing soldiers for war and for the Republic. “
We arrived at the eighth Congress of the Communist Party of Cuba, in extremely difficult times, both due to the duration of the Pandemic worldwide and in the country, as well as due to the genocidal harassment of imperialism with its unjust blockade and the internal existence of mechanisms and mentalities that slow down our development, before which the work of the militancy is titanic.
However, in my opinion, a breath of resistance and leadership is felt in the party ranks, which are based on the conviction of the fairness of our struggle, superior to any concept contrary to the sovereignty of the Homeland. There is much to do and the Party reaffirms its leading place in the leadership of our society, as conceived by Martí and Fidel, throughout these years of intense combat.