The increasingly warmer climate of Cuba, the variable rainfall regime in which the drought has intensified and extended over time, as well as the threat posed by the rise in mean sea level to farmland and water from consumption; they constitute a serious threat to agricultural productions on the Antillean island.
To face this reality, Life Task, plan of the Cuban State to Confront Climate Change includes actions that from agrometeorological science help cooperative members and individual farmers in their agricultural work.
“In Matanzas we have direct intervention areas related to the meteorological stations that we have in coastal areas of the province to take adaptation measures for each of the crops at the various sowing and harvesting seasons.”
Comment from Matanzas meteorologist Milagros Alfonso Cabrera that reflects the work being done in this province, the most vulnerable in the country because it has low or very low coasts, and drinking water to come, mostly, from underground aquifers.
“In all these processes, the inclusion of meteorological data is vital, hence the intention of sending it directly to the producers according to the particularities of each region.”
Agroecological practices and principles are added to this strategy, such as those described by the young Yuvan Contino Esquijerosa, a researcher at the Indio Hatuey Experimental Station in the municipality of Perico.
“The use of these methods has allowed us to be sustainable in agricultural productions, obtaining animal feed, improving cultivation soils and generating renewable energy. For this we have two biodigesters and the use of bioproducts ”.
Work model applied by Fernando Dones Infante on his Cayo Piedra farm, belonging to the José Martí cooperative. “We make a group of biopreparations with plants, algae, fish remains, rock dust that provides nutrients to the soil, improves the quality of crops and prevents the appearance of diseases in plants.”
Hence, the 46 hectares of his farm offer excellent yields.
“For example, this year in the dry season we collected two and a half tons of beans in a region where the rest of the farmers lost grain crops due to the attack of pests.”
Benefits that come from the application of science in agricultural productions, an activity that mostly takes place outdoors and under current climate change conditions.